In 1957, the U.S.S.R. launched Sputnik and Sputnik II, the first satellites sent into orbit from Earth. The Americans response to the Sputnik launches resulted in the creation of NASA which is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, allocating funds for numerous space projects. The Spacecraft Center was built in 1962 just outside of Houston. The center was designated mission control responsibilities in 1963 and still has this responsibility to this day.
“Texas History Timeline.” Bullock Texas State History Museum, www.thestoryoftexas.com/discover/texas-history-timeline.