Le Champ d’Asile. This settlement was founded in the Spring of 1818 by General Charles Lallemand, and approximately 400 French exiles who fled post-Napoleonic France desiring a permanent location on the American frontier. In July 1818, the colonists learned that a Spanish military force was marching from San Antonio to dislodge them from Spanish Texas as hostile intruders. General Lallemand and his followers fled to Galveston Island before the soldiers arrived. The Spanish troops destroyed the village, attempted to attack the exiles at Galveston, then returned to San Antonio. Some survivors fled over land to Nacogdoches, Texas, or to New Orleans, Louisiana, while others took ships passage to New Orleans, thus putting a dramatic end to the utopian experiment of French exiles in Texas.
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