One unit of the Thirty-Sixth Infantry Division, the Second Battalion of the 131ST Field Artillery, comprised of young men from farms and small towns in north-central Texas, became known as the “Lost Battalion” when it dropped out of sight for more than a year after its capture by Japanese forces in Java in early 1942. The Japanese compelled the survivors and other Allied prisoners of war to build a railway in the Burma-Thailand jungle in 1942-43, including the famous bridge on the River Kwai, and retained them as prisoners of war in various locations until the conflict ended in the summer of 1945.
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