Houstonian Oveta Culp Hobby was the first woman to receive the distinguished service medal on December 31, 1944. During World War II Hobby headed the War Department’s Women’s Interest Section for a short time and then became the Director of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (later the Women’s Army Corps), which was created to fill gaps left by a shortage of men. The members of the WAC were the first women other than nurses to be in Army uniform. Hobby achieved the rank of colonel and received the Distinguished Service Medal for her efforts during the war.
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